View Full Version : Educational Material - Medical Science


meadd823
05-19-13, 02:57 AM
This section is specifically designed to offer members access to reputable resources regarding those portions of medical science that are frequently connected to ADD diagnosis, treatments and scientific discussions.


First and foremost:

This is for generalized medical information purposes only {i.e. names of brain parts, how genetics work, ect}.

Doctors and health care practitioners will remain the go to source for individual members having medical issues or specific questions regarding their own health care needs or those of a loved one in their care.


Please Note:

ADDF as a site does not have an official point of view regarding ADHD itself. The purpose of this section is to be a source of sound educational resources so that our membership will have factual information from with to formulate their own individual belief.

For ease of access the information will be arranged according to level of complexity.


To keep this portion easy to maintain and access it will be locked however we strongly encourage all members to use the science section itself to ask questions, challenge ideas or discuss any and all topics presented.

Should links be broken or questionable please notify staff by using the report feature - Small triangle with an exclamation mark in the center located upper right hand corner of the post - Please indicated which link is broken.

Amtram
05-28-13, 09:59 AM
ADDF does not endorse or promote any particular sources of information, and links that follow are based on the recommendations of our staff. The intent of this list is to provide information that forms the basis of understanding the science behind ADHD.

These links contain information our staff feels will be useful to members who want to learn about how the brain works, understand the role of genetics in human biology, and find information and updates from the scientific community. We present this as a reference resource. Individual news articles should be introduced in the regular discussion areas. Additional references may be suggested, but will be vetted by staff before being considered for inclusion.

HOW TO USE THIS RESOURCE

The links are divided by topic, with one topic covered in each post. Current topics are:

The Brain – Structure and Function (http://www.addforums.com/forums/showpost.php?p=1490148&postcount=3)
Genetics and Epigenetics (http://www.addforums.com/forums/showpost.php?p=1490150&postcount=4)
Blogs and News (http://www.addforums.com/forums/showpost.php?p=1490152&postcount=5)
Other Resources (http://www.addforums.com/forums/showpost.php?p=1490153&postcount=6)

The first two sections are arranged by approximate level of complexity. ie., if you're just learning, you can start at the first links and find information that isn't so filled with scientific vocabulary that you don't understand what you're reading. Each link has a description of what it contains.

Blogs and News contains links to sites that are written by people who are working in the field of neuroscience, or reputable journalists focused on neuroscience.

Other Resources contains links to research, courses, and videos that are not necessarily limited to Brain Structure and Function or Genetics and Epigenetics, but contain information that is scientifically relevant to those subjects and/or ADHD.

Amtram
05-28-13, 10:01 AM
The Brain – Structure and Function

The Brain - Slideshow (http://www.slideshare.net/Firedemon13/the-brain-9190732) - An introduction to the parts of the brain in the form of a slideshow, helpful for visual learners and beginners.

The Brain from Top to Bottom (http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/) – This is an excellent place to start for basic information. Not only does it explore both structure and function in an organized fashion, but you can select the level of complexity of the explanations based on your understanding – beginner, intermediate, or advanced.

Anatomy of the Brain (http://www.mayfieldclinic.com/PDF/PE-AnatBrain.pdf) (pdf) – A well-illustrated basic description of brain structures and their functions, from general to specific, including some descriptions of the effects of common brain injuries, and a description of neurotransmission.

My Brain Notes (http://mybrainnotes.com/index.html) – This is an unusual source, but the information is well-indexed and easy to follow. The author collected this information in the process of writing a mystery novel, and ended up learning much more than she expected.

Brain Info (http://braininfo.rprc.washington.edu/Default.aspx) - This is a neuroanatomical resource developed by the University of Washington, Seattle. While it is geared more towards students of neuroscience, it has a wealth of information on terminology, brain mapping, and structural functions of the brain - mostly human, but some animal as well.

The Whole Brain Atlas (http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/home.html) – A collection of normal and abnormal brain images, information on different types of brain scans and what they show, and identification of various brain structures as shown on imaging scans.

Neuroscience Online (http://neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu/index.htm) – The University of Texas’ free online textbook for neuroscience.

Information on Right Hemisphere function is difficult to find. Dr. Patrick McCaffrey posted information from a course he taught on linguistic development, and provides it here (http://www.csuchico.edu/%7Epmccaffrey/syllabi/SPPA336/336unit13.html), here (http://www.csuchico.edu/%7Epmccaffrey/syllabi/SPPA336/336unit14.html), and here (http://www.csuchico.edu/%7Epmccaffrey/syllabi/SPPA336/336unit15.html).

Amtram
05-28-13, 10:04 AM
Genetics and Epigenetics

Science Education: The New Genetics (http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/thenewgenetics/) - The National Institute of Health has a collection of educational materials on many topics, and all the publications can be viewed online starting here.

Scishow - Epigenetics (http://youtu.be/kp1bZEUgqVI) - a 10 minute video introducing some of the basic concepts of epigenetics.

Scitable is Nature Journal’s educational site, and is a good place to start for the basics of genetics (http://www.nature.com/scitable/topic/genetics-5), epigenetics (http://www.nature.com/scitable/spotlight/epigenetics-26097411) and many other science topics.

The Human Genome Project’s Education Page (http://www.genome.gov/Education/) provides a wide array of information about genetics and epigenetics as well as links to other educational resources. If you want a basic, visual introduction, start with Genome institute basic information (http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Education/Modules/BasicsPresentation.pdf), which is a slide show about genetics, DNA, and heredity. Epigenetics is more complex, and not as much is known, but the Fact Sheet (http://www.genome.gov/27532724#top) explains some of what we do know.

Epigene is a site geared more towards biologists, but the epigenetics background page (http://epigenie.com/epigenetics/) is a good step up if you have some understanding of the process and terminology.

ADHDgene: a genetic database for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3245028/)is a paper that contains links to a large number of studies that have investigated the genes that are suspect in the development of brains with ADHD, and the organization that is linked in the abstract (ADHD Gene (http://adhd.psych.ac.cn/index.do)) is maintaining an updated reference resource for studies and articles with relevant findings.

Molecular genetics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: an overview (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2839490/?tool=pubmed) is another paper that is useful in large part because of its links to data on the genetic links that are associated with ADHD.

OMIM’s list of genes associated with ADHD (http://omim.org/entry/143465) is also a good stepping-off point to look for research associated with ADHD-linked genes.

I am attempting to keep a list of links to information about genetics and ADHD on this thread (http://www.addforums.com/forums/showthread.php?t=142920). It is an ongoing process, and is nowhere near complete at this point.

Amtram
05-28-13, 10:05 AM
Blogs and News

Brainfacts.org (http://www.brainfacts.org/) – Articles from scientists about all aspects of neuroscience, fact-checked and updated regularly.

Neuroskeptic (http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/neuroskeptic/#.UYAD4MrCuM9) – Recently picked up by Discover Blogs, Neuroskeptic is a neuroscientist based in the UK who is known not only for his skeptical thinking about his own profession, but also for being the first scientist ever to have a paper published in a journal using his pseudonym rather than his real name.

Wiring the Brain (http://www.wiringthebrain.com/) – Developmental neurology blog. Updates are irregular, but well worth waiting for. The focus is on both genetic and growth/aging related developments in the brain, and it attracts a number of well-known scientists, so read the comments as well as the articles.

Only Human (http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/blog/only-human/) – Virginia Hughes is a freelance journalist with extensive knowledge about genetics and neuroscience, writing here for National Geographic.

Oscillatory Thoughts (http://blog.ketyov.com/) – This is the blog of Bradley Voytek, who is a neuroscientist studying human cognition, neuroplasticity, and brain computer interfacing. He often provides useful commentary on emerging neuroscience findings.

Amtram
05-28-13, 10:06 AM
Other Resources

PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed) – This is an essential resource. If a piece of research has been conducted using the scientific method, peer reviewed, and published, anywhere in the world, it is indexed here. Not all research is created equal, so some papers are better than others, so think critically. The database is searchable, and you can find articles with free full text easily.

PLOS (http://www.plos.org/) – This is a scientific organization that advocates for open source research. Various links on the site will take you to papers, blogs, and articles, which you can narrow down by subject.

UCDavis has a large number of videos on neuroscience and genetics. The CARTA series (http://www.uctv.tv/carta/) covers a wide array, as does the Mind Institute series (http://www.uctv.tv/mind/).

Free courses on science and medicine, many of them on the brain, are available at Coursera (https://www.coursera.org/) and MITOpenCourseware (http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-01-neuroscience-and-behavior-fall-2003/audio-lectures/).

Joel Nigg is a prominent researcher specializing in the study of ADHD. He is also one of the consultants on the committee making edits to the DSM-V. You can watch his videos "ADHD: Mechanisms and Causes (http://youtu.be/iqa9GL47Kv8)," (1 hour, 20 minutes) and "ADHD: Phenotype and Etiology (http://youtu.be/J56wWsyYdWg)," (1 hour, 23 minutes) and learn about some of the research he has done, and a search for his name in PubMed will provide a good amount of material.