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Old 11-05-17, 03:14 AM
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Re: Amphetamine and Pain: pain reception dysfunction and psychopathology

Pain always arouses the FEAR system to some extent, but the reverse is not true.

Fearfulness can actually diminish the perception of pain. (Miczek, 1991)

When the FEAR system is electrically stimulated in the human brain, people report fear but not pain.
-Panksepp/Biven, "The Archaeology of Mind", p 184.

If primary FEAR does not arouse pain.

Does this mean emotional pain is secondary?

"When people are suffering mentally, they want to feel better -- they want to stop having bad emotions and start having good emotions." (-Temple Grandin)